Friday, July 10, 2020
How to End a College Essay - Tips That Will Help You Get StartedIn order to write an excellent essay and get an A, you should know how to end a college essay. Here are a few tips to help you get started.The main purpose of the college essay is to show your experience as a student at college. You should think about what you learned in the classroom and how that may apply to your future professional career. You will want to write about the most important things you learned in your course, the ones that made you the person you are today. This may not be the most innovative idea, but it is one that works well with the way college essays are written. If you have a really good idea about how your future will look like, it will be a lot easier to find ways to make the ideas come across.The first tip to writing an excellent essay is to get into the flow of writing. The best way to do this is to read and think. Make sure you stay focused on the topic at hand, but don't let your thoughts get o ut of control. This is where editing comes in. Make sure that you get all the facts correct, but also make sure that your writing flows and sounds as professional as possible. Avoid shortcuts like using 'I' when it means 'we'.Another way to turn your weak point into a strong point is to keep your paragraphs to a minimum. Write the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Keep your sentences short and simple.Another tip for writing a great essay is to try to maintain a balance between the personal and the professional. You need to express your opinions, but keep them within certain guidelines.All students are different and have their own personal style. Always remember that you are giving a very important speech or essay, so let your personality shine through.There are many ways to write an essay and find out how to end a college essay is no exception. The only thing that will matter is that you follow a plan and stick to it. This is the most important thing to remember when writi ng an essay. With the proper tools, you will be able to effectively end the essay on a high note.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
H2O, is made up of two simple atoms, hydrogen and two oxygen, both make up an essential element for survival to all spans of life on Earth. Water, is used to help make bonds in the human body, cushions and nourishes the brain, it also helps maintain the correct body temperature, just to name a few critical importance of safe drinking water. Drinking Water Safely, written by Jill Adams, on July 15, 2016, is a current article on the water crisis in Flint, Michigan and the concerns of safe drinking water in the United States. Having water flow up to our homes at the second we need it, is a luxury, however having safe water is a necessity. Adrian Moore, vice president of Policy for Reason Foundation, which is a non-profit tax-exemptÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Neltner believes federal funds should be paying for safe drinking water. He states there needs to be more money invested into the water infrastructure since the last loan in 1997. Neltner continues, the federal government and loc al governments need to work together to help fix for safe drinking water. Neltner gathers that the Association of State Drinking Water Administrators is hugely understaffed, which impacts the costs in a negative way. Another agency, The Environmental Protection Agency, should have improved guidelines for communities to follow to guarantee safe drinking water. The last thing that needs to happen, according to Neltner, is the truth of the state of our drinking water needs to be revealed to Americans. I agree with NelterÃ¢â¬â¢s main points more, but I also agree with MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s policyÃ¢â¬â¢s. It is very unsafe to have substantial amounts of money, need to fix water pipes, going through several higher up officials. An estimate of the cost to fix water pipes, comes from the article Ã¢â¬Å"Poisoning the Public in Flint,Ã¢â¬ of $1.5 billion. That money should not be controlled by governors and other legislatures before being handed down to local governments, to once again be distributed and mishandled. The Flint crisis also shows that government still cannot be trusted, because of the corporations are in their best interest (Poisoning the Public in Flint). I believe what Moore is stating that trust canÃ¢â¬â¢t go very far, and local governments need to control their money to goShow MoreRelatedQuestions on Oligopoly19013 Words Ã |Ã 77 Pageswhich only two residents, Tony and Jill, own wells that produce water for safe drinking. Each Saturday, Tony and Jill work together to decide how many gallons of water to pump, bring the water to town, and sell it at whatever price the market will bear. To keep things simple, suppose that Tony and Jill can pump as much water as they want without cost; therefore, the marginal cost of water equals zero. The weekly town demand schedule and total revenue schedule for water is reflected in the table belowRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words Ã |Ã 760 PagesPublishing Company, which is owned by Cengage Learning: There is a great deal of coherence. The chapters build on one another. The organization is sound and the author does a superior job of presenting the structure of arguments. David M. Adams, California State Polytechnic University These examples work quite well. Their diversity, literacy, ethnic sensitivity, and relevancy should attract readers. Stanley Baronett. Jr., University of Nevada Las Vegas Far too many authors of contemporaryRead MoreNursing Essay41677 Words Ã |Ã 167 Pagescommittee also thanks the following fellows of the RWJF Executive Nurse Leadership Program: Victoria Niederhauser, Richard C. MacIntyre, Catherine Garner, Cynthia Teel, and Teri A. Murray; Mary Ellen Glasgow, Lynne M. Dunphy, and Rosalie O. Mainous; Jill Fuller and Karen Drenkard; Christina Esperat, Kathryn Fiandt, Gloria McNeal, Loretta Heuer, and Erin Denholm; Suzanne Prevost, Cynda Hylton Rushton, Jody Chrastek, and Jane Kirschling; Wanda Montalvo, Donna Torrisi, Tine Hansen-Turton, and Susan Birch;Read MoreMarketing Management 14th Edition Test Bank Kotler Test Bank173911 Words Ã |Ã 696 Pagessuch as sponsorships, licensing agreements, and advertising. The hotel can sponsor events addressing social issues. As it is a sea-side resort, it can support and sponger efforts to protect marine life, preserve the natural environment, and prevent water pollution. (Answers can vary.) Page Ref: 24 Objective: 4 AACSB: Analytic skills Difficulty: Moderate 143) You have been given the assignment of justifying cause-related marketing to your board of directors. What would be your primary argumentRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pagesfrom: www.wipo.org/. Gibson, P. (1999) Ã¢â¬ËThe sharp rise of e-commerceÃ¢â¬â¢, Information Today, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 28Ã¢â¬â33. Haylock, C.F. and Muscarella, L. (1999) Net Success: 24 Leaders in Web Commerce Show You How to Put the Web to Work for Your Business, Adams Media Corporation. Hines, M. (2005) Amazon Nets ShutterÃ¯ ¬ây for Photo Services, [Online], CNET Networks. Available from: http://news.com.com/. Hof, R.D. (1998) Ã¢â¬ËA new chapter for Amazon.comÃ¢â¬â¢, Business Week, vol. 3591, pp. 39Ã¢â¬â41. Hof, R.D. (2003) ReprogrammingRead MoreHbr When Your Core Business Is Dying74686 Words Ã |Ã 299 PagesPRODUCTION MANAGER Diane Coutu Bronwyn Fryer Paul Hemp Julia Kirby Lew McCreary Gardiner Morse M. Ellen Peebles Steven Prokesch Anand P Raman . SENIOR EDITOR, HBR ONLINE Dana Lissy EDITORIAL PRODUCTION MANAGER Christine Wilder SENIOR DESIGNER Jill Manca DESIGNER Lindsay A. Sweeney EDITORIAL PRODUCTION COORDINATORS Eric Hellweg ASSOCIATE EDITORS Roberta A. Fusaro Andrew OÃ¢â¬â¢Connell CONSULTING EDITOR Josette AkreshGonzales Tisha Clifford EDITOR FOR BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT Bernard
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
When comparing racial profiling and affirmative action, some might think that the two terms are not the same; it is possible that some people think that racial profiling is considered wrong, and affirmative action is considered right. However, they are the same, and both are morally wrong, but for different reasons. Racial profiling is morally wrong because in most situations, it is usually used by law enforcement in apprehending a criminal. However, it usually targets someone because of their race. It is also morally wrong because it usually used under the pretense that it is trying to increase safety. Affirmative action is used under the pretense to provide more opportunities for races that are seen as under - represented in certain environments. However, it is morally wrong because it is instead seen as certain races not being able to attain those opportunities without assistance from others. Other reasons that it is morally wrong is because while the main goal is to encourage mor e equality for everyone, it fails to dispel the stereotypes that some people still might have about minorities and it might negatively affect others that are more qualified for opportunities that are trying to increase diversity instead of trying to find the most qualified people. Racial profiling is usually seen as a way to increase safety. However, this is not always the case; in most cases it promotes negative thoughts about the race being targeted. As mentioned by Deborah Hellman, oneShow MoreRelatedAffirmative Action Should Not Be A Program1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstill very active today. Affirmative action is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the practice of improving the educational and job opportunities of members of groups that have not been treated fairly in the past because of their race, sex, etcÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster). Affirmative action creates a blatantly unfair advantage in college and job applications to non-minority races and is ultimately a racist law. Affirmative action is most prominent in the College admission process, where its racial prioritizing is the most blatantRead MoreAffirmative Action Programs Should Not Be Successful985 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesview on the topic of affirmative action in educational institutions (quoted in Wise, 2014). By first glance the programs seem as if they are favoring every race besides white because by the looks of it, it is giving the upper hand to every other group. However, by using some of the examples Tim Wise talks about in his article, Ã¢â¬Å"Whites Swim in Racial PreferenceÃ¢â¬ readers are able to see that the laws are only in place to help level the playing field for all races. Affirmative action programs are not inRead MoreIssues Involving Racial Inequality in Society Today511 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesIn todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society there are many issues involving racial inequality. One major issue affecting college students and high school seniors is affirmative action. Affirmative action is a policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially minorities. Affirmative action started in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s and its purpose is to help universities better diversify their campus with different demographics. At the time, affirmative action was a means of restitution for human rights abuse African AmericansRead MoreRacism Synthesis Essay1022 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageseveryone guaranteed equal protection of the law and Ã¢â¬Å"prevents unreasonable searches and seizuresÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"RacialÃ¢â¬ ). In my high school, there is a wide range of diversity in races among the students. Not just a school of Blacks, or just Whites, or even just Asians, but the students are made up of a variety of races. A law that allows this diversity to happen is called Affirmative Action. Ã¢â¬Å"Affirmative Action refers to policies that take factors including race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, orRead MoreEssay on Affirmative Action in College Admissions1132 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAff irmative Action in College Admissions Affirmative Action has become one of the most controversial issues regarding college admissions. It is an issue that exposes profiling to its highest extent. Race, gender and income now become vital factors in education opportunities. Affirmative Action is the procedure that is used as a criteria in admissions that will increase the points a college applicant receives on their application evaluation based on the previous factors. Whether race should beRead More Affirmative Action - Is it Fair? Essay764 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAffirmative Action - Is it Fair Affirmative action in theory and in thought is intended to promote the welfare of this countryÃ¢â¬â¢s minorities by supporting the idea that individuals are equal and should not be judged by race or sex. Therefore, in situations like job and university applications, we should consider minorities to be as feasible a choice for hire as a white male candidate, taking into consideration their background. In short, it tries to give minorities that have been at a disadvantageRead MoreEssay about Racial Profiling by Police is an Unjust Practice 805 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRecently however, an issue has surfaced that will yet again be a definite landmark in the timeline of our nations history. The only problem is that no one is positive that it even exists, which leaves us with one very important question: Does racial profiling exist in the politically-correct world of today? The answer to this question is of great importance to the legal well-being of minorities across the country, as the existence of a program that prejudges on basis of race and demographic is aRead More Racial Targeting and Profiling in the United States Essay1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRacial Targeting and Profiling in the United States The practice of targeting individuals for police investigation based on their race alone in the last few years has been an increasingly prominent issue in American society. Numerous magazines, newspapers, and journals have explored the issue of race-motivated police actions. Recently, the ABA Journal did a study of New Jersey and Pennsylvania traffic stops from 1998 to 2001, concluding that black drivers were more likely to be pulled over andRead MoreEssay on Affirmative Action and Racial Equality 1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Affirmative Action and Racial Equality (1) Issue Identification Many individuals do not know the meaning of the term Ã¢â¬Å"affirmative action.Ã¢â¬ In order to clearly understand the issue, one must first know the necessary terms associated with it. Affirmative action is a term given to an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination (i.e. African Americans, Asians, etc.). For example, certain scholarships for African Americans can be regarded as affirmative action opportunitiesRead MoreCollege Admissions Vs. Affirmative Action1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshave protested the use of affirmative action in admissions decisions because they believe the policy gives an unfair and unearned advantage to minorities (Affirmative Action). Though concerns over the whimsical nature of college admissions may be valid, admissions officers should still consider race as a factor in their decisions because elimination of the affirmative action policy is not an effective way to make the admissions process less arbitrary. Affirmative action has been a topic of public
Questions: The Tasks For the purpose of this assignment, you are assumed to be one of the consultants appointed to shoulder the system analysis responsibilities in ABC Information Services in the project as in the case study. You will plan and manage the project as well as investigate and document the system requirements. For your Assignment 2 submission, you will produce a report that documents that discuss this project based on your understanding of it and the related investigation results through the tasks below. Task 1Approach to Systems Development Compare the use of SDLC and agile development approaches. Justify your choice of your selected approach to systems development. Task 2Systems Requirements What are the primary functional requirements for the system in the case study? What are the non-functional requirements for the system in the case study? Task 3Project Cost Benefit Analysis Discuss your Project Cost Benefit Analysis Provide an excel spread sheet with details in a Project Cost Benefit Analysis Task 4Project Schedule Show a work breakdown structure and a project schedule (as a Gantt Chart). Explain each of them and discuss how they relate. Given the system goals, requirements, an d scope as they are currently understood, is the project schedule reasonable? Why or why not? Task 5System Information Requirement Investigation Techniques The stakeholders involved. Explanation of your chosen 3 most useful investigation techniques. Justify the usefulness of the 3 investigation techniques. Answers: Introduction Rapidly changing business environment has forced organisations to rethink about their business strategy. One important aspect related to present strategy is related to use of information technology. In this regard, organisation mentioned in the case study Professional and Scientific Staff Management (PSSM) has specific requirements related to streamlining its end-to-end process of recruitment of a temporary staff for its client (Ashrafi et al, 2012). However, in order to meet such requirement, there is need to develop specific IT system, which can not only cater to its end-to-end processes/requirements, but can also provide a view of entire business processes existing within the organisation. Aim of this report is to understand the approach to an information system development which can be used by PSSM and can help it in improving its efficiency (Satzinger et al, 2012). Secondly, important objective of this report is to identify functional and non-functional requirements which will b e part of the system. Overall, by end of this report, reader should be able to envision the kind of information system that will be developed for PSSM, and what all functionalities it will have to fulfil requirements of PSSM, also this report will help PSSM management to understand the project cost benefit analysis, and the expected timeline which will be required to complete and implement the project (Vlter et al, 2013). 1. Approach to Systems Development For a software solution development today there are several approaches available which can be used for system development (Coplien Bjrnvig, 2011). However, every development approach has its advantages and disadvantages depending on the circumstances in which these methodologies are being used. Two potential system development approaches are SDLC and agile development approaches. Their comparison is as follows: SDLC Agile SDLC (Software Development Life-Cycle) contains a series of sequential phases. Agile development methodology consists of iterative development Sequential phases of SDLC model do not overlap with each other. In agile methodology, two different iterations might overlap each other. Hence in SDLC each phase of development begins only when previous phase is finished and signed-off by the stakeholders In agile methodology, development is iterative in nature. Hence release of certain functionality is done after each iteration is completed Following are the phases in SDLC methodology: Initiation Phase System Concept Phase Requirement Collection Phase Functional Requirement Analysis (Functional Design) Phase Technical Design Phase Development Phase Integration and Testing Phase Release Phase Maintenance Phase In agile methodology every iterations has following stages: Scope Planning Initiation Construction iterations Release iterations Production Retirement In SDLC methodologies focus is more on system development as compared to the financial aspects or factors such as return on investments (ROI) In Agile methodology focus is more on return on investment for the business. More prone to errors and defects, and design change might lead to delay in the project Less prone to error, since after every iteration is completed, original requirements are revisited to ensure its completion As compared to SDLC method, it is suggested that PSSM opts for agile methodology for development of system (Highsmith, 2013). Considering the fact that PSSM is a relatively small organisation, hence it becomes important for it to select an approach which offers best ROI, and helps in delivering the functionalities in expected timelines. Also, agile methodology is relatively less error prone, which will ensure that there, will less effort wasted on defect resolution and more focus will be there on functionality implementation (Bischofberger Pomberger, 2011). 2. Systems Requirements Functional requirement for the system mentioned in the case study are as follows: Functionality for client to raise a staffing request through a centralised system. Capability required for the system, to receive the staffing request from the client, register it in a centralised database of customer. Capability for system to cross checks the current contract validity of the client who has raised the staffing request. Capability for system, to send an acknowledgement receipt via e-mail about the staffing request. Informing client about acceptance or rejection of the staffing request. Capability for system, to provide real-time update on all the open, closed, terminated or abandoned staffing requestion in the system. Based on the access rights provided to employees of PSSM, they will be able to access the staffing request. However, if one staffing request is opened by a user to edit, then it will be locked for all other users of systems for editing, however users will be able to view it concurrently. Capability for system to update the status of the staffing request, and further capability to ensure that every time a staffing request is valid, then automatic trigger should take place, where the PSSM placement department should get automated e-mail for further action to be taken. Capability to block/reserve a potential candidate who fulfils the clients resource requirements. Capability to search about all the clients/any particular staffing request #/all registered human manpower with the organisation. Non-functional requirements for the system are as follows: Non-functional requirements cover all the remaining requirements which are not covered by the functional requirements. They specify criteria that judge the operation of a system, rather than specific behaviours (Dingsyr et al, 2012). Usability: More than one user can use the system concurrently Performance: The system should be capable of performing searches on complex criteria. Interoperability: System to be implemented should be capable of getting seamlessly integrated with other systems such as database etc. Automatic data backup: System to be implemented should be capable of triggering automatic data back from time to time. This application is secure for every kind of its users, because here is facility of session management. If any user logout from any session then nobody will be able to access his profile without knowing his confidential password. 3. Project Cost Benefit Analysis Project cost benefit analysis (CBA) is a critical element of the project, as it is always required before a decision is taken to initiate or continue any specific development of a software/IT project (Kruchten, 2013). Ideally, CBA should be performed before the project for PSSM will be initiated. Thus, cost element table which will be referred for PSSM is displayed below. Figure 1: Cost element table Hence, for PSSM following table represents the system life cycle cost matrix (Davis, 2013). Figure 2: System lifecycle cost matrix Estimated overall, activity cost matrix is as follows (Basili et al, 2013): Figure 3: Activity cost matrix 4. Project Schedule Project schedule is the most important element of the project. It helps in setting a specific timeline, in which the project has to be development. In case of PSSM, total duration of project will be of 85 days, which will initiate from 01/January/2015 and will end on 20/March/2015. Thus below figure displays the Gantt chart which identifies the activities which will be part of the project, and number of days which will be required to fulfil each of the activity (Osterweil et al, 2011). Figure 4: Gantt chart Based on the Gantt chart displayed above, following will be the work breakdown structure for the proposed project. A WBS can be defined as a hierarchical and incremental breakdown of the project into phases, deliverables and work packages (Eckstein, 2013). WBS Is mainly represented in a tree structure, which further has subdivision of efforts as displayed below. Figure 5: WBS for PSSM Project 5. System Information Requirement Investigation Techniques Following stakeholders will be involved in the project: Project Manager Client Technical resources Financial representative from client and development company Employees of PSSM, since they will be the primary user of the system 3 most useful investigation techniques are: Face-to-Face interviews: As a functional person, it is important to have face to face interviews with the client to understand its core pain areas in terms of business processes. Similarly, face to face interviews are also important with technical resources, so that, they can easily translate business requirement in technical form and implement it (Clarke OConnor, 2012). Questionnaires: this is another important investigation technique. It provides more comprehensive answers to important questions related to functional or non-functional requirement of the system. This is useful because, questionnaire helps in recording the responses to various system critical questions formally, and helps in creation of information related to system which can be used later on (Petersen Wohlin, 2011). Paper trail: Following information from the point that has been entered in the system and observing the output is also one of the efficient ways of investigation technique. This investigation is useful, because it helps in maintaining the record during the time of information gathering. Once the development initiates, such paper trails can be then used for purpose of auditing and checking back about the process of development. Reflections and Conclusions As part of this project, one major achievement I had, was consolidation of the business processes of the client. Initially there was lot of redundancy in the business processes, due to which at times, critical hiring was impacted due to several issues. However, with this project and implementation of the application at PSSM, a more consolidated view of the business processes existing at various levels can be seen. One major constraint as a consultant, was mapping of business processes with the functional requirements. This was a critical task/process of the project, especially since this mapping helps in future implementation of the project (Vijayasarathy Turk, 2012). References Hoffer Ashrafi et al. 2012, COIT11226 Systems analysis and COIS20025 systems development overview, 1st edn, Sydney NSW Australia, Pearson Australia. Satzinger, JW, Jackson RB, Burd SD 2012, Systems analysis and design in a changing world, 6th edn, Boston USA, Course Technology Cengage Learning. Vlter, M., Stahl, T., Bettin, J., Haase, A., Helsen, S. 2013.Model-driven software development: technology, engineering, management. John Wiley Sons. Highsmith, J. 2013.Adaptive software development: a collaborative approach to managing complex systems. Addison-Wesley. Bischofberger, W. R., Pomberger, G. 2011.Prototyping-oriented software development: Concepts and tools. Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated. Dingsyr, T., Nerur, S., Balijepally, V., Moe, N. B. 2012. A decade of agile methodologies: Towards explaining agile software development.Journal of Systems and Software,85(6), 1213-1221. Davis, A. 2013.Just enough requirements management: where software development meets marketing. Addison-Wesley. Basili, V. R., Heidrich, J., Lindvall, M., Mnch, J., Regardie, M., Rombach, D., ... Trendowicz, A. 2013. Linking software development and business strategy through measurement.arXiv preprint arXiv:1311.6224. Osterweil, L. J. 2011. ToolpackAn experimental software development environment research project. InEngineering of Software(pp. 179-206). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Eckstein, J. 2013.Agile software development in the large: Diving into the deep. Addison-Wesley. Clarke, P., OConnor, R. V. 2012. The situational factors that affect the software development process: Towards a comprehensive reference framework.Information and Software Technology,54(5), 433-447. Petersen, K., Wohlin, C. 2011. Measuring the flow in lean software development.Software: Practice and experience,41(9), 975-996. Vijayasarathy, L., Turk, D. 2012. Drivers of agile software development use: Dialectic interplay between benefits and hindrances.Information and Software Technology,54(2), 137-148. Coplien, J. O., Bjrnvig, G. 2011.Lean architecture: for agile software development. John Wiley Sons. Kruchten, P. 2013. Contextualizing agile software development.Journal of Software: Evolution and Process,25(4), 351-361.
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Kingdom of the Netherlands The Netherlands, or the Kingdom of the Netherlands, is an independent nation with 17,028,000 habitants which has as its system of government a constitucional government. It's capital is Amsterdam, with dutch as its official language and the Euro as its currency. GEOGRAPHY The Netherlands is a small country sandwiched between HYPERLINK http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/belgium/ Belgium and HYPERLINK http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/germany/ Germany in Western Europe. The North Sea, located to the north and west of the Netherlands, is continually battering the land. The Netherlands is larger than the state of HYPERLINK http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/states/maryland/ Maryland , but smaller than HYPERLINK http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/states/west-virginia/ West Virginia . The Dutch have a saying: God made t he Earth, but the Dutch made Holland. The North Sea would have washed away the Netherlands if the Dutch had not erected defenses to protect their land. Over the centuries, the Dutch have built series of canals, dams, dikes, and pumping stations to keep the sea and rivers back. GOVERNMENT The Netherlands is a republic with a constitutional monarchy. The Dutch monarchy dates back to Prince William of Orange in the 16th century. King Willem-Alexander is the reigning monarch. The Dutch parliament called the States General has two houses. The 150 members of the Lower House are elected by the people every four years. The Upper House has 15 members who are elected by local councils for a four-year term. The king or ruling monarch appoints ministers who become part of the cabinet. ECONOMY For years many people thought of the Netherlands as a country of windmills, canals, tulips, and wooden shoes, with cheese and butter as its main products. This image of the Netherlands as a mainly agricultural country has not been true for a long time, as it is now as industrialized as most other Western European countries. Industrialization began later in the Netherlands than in most other Western European countries because of the scarcity of raw materials. But a griculture still provides a number of products, many of which are exported. The country's agricultural land is divided into grassland, arable farmland, and horticultural land. Dutch dairy farming is highly developed . Its official currency is the Euro, like in many other European countries that are part of the European Union. PEOPLE AND CULTURE Many of the residents ride bicycles for transportation in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Utrecht, and other cities. There are three times as many bicycles as there are cars in the Netherlands. The Dutch believe in moderation and have a respect for the law. People in the southern part of the country are said to have a more relaxed outlook than their countrymen in the north. The Dutch are on average the tallest people in the world. Men are six feet tall (182.5 cm) and women are 5 feet 7 inches (170.5 cm). Researchers point to a healthy diet and good medical care as the main factors that lead to a tall population. Tourism is important to the country, and many visitors come to see Dutch art, architecture and the flowers. Tulips are a major industry, and the Dutch produce billions of bulbs a year more than any other country. The name Netherlands means " low countries. " The country is sometimes called Holland, but the name only applies to two provinces, North and South Holland, which border the North Sea in Amsterdam and The Hague.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Gender Essays - Gender, Gender Role, Sociology Of Gender, Feminism Gender English 112 section 096 March 29, 1999 An in Depth Analysis of Gender Relationships Throughout history and in all cultures the roles of males and females vary. Relating to the piece of literature Girl written by Jamaica Kincaid for the time, when women's roles were to work in the home. By examining gender roles, then one may better understand how women and men interact and how better to build relationships at home and in the world of business. At the time that this work was written, women mainly stayed at home and did housework while few of the very poorest households required the woman to work in an industrial job. Kincaid wrote of the specific roles and responsibilities that a mother would tell her daughter. By what she wrote, one can fully understand what was expected of a woman at that time and in that particular culture. The object of examining gender roles is to answer the question why should women and men be equal and Are there populations in which men and women are absolutely equal? Are there societies in which women dominate men? (Gender 238) By understanding the culture in which this piece of literature is written, the gender roles and the rules of behavior for a woman, then the relationships between genders can be realized. The general myth about women and their gender role in the American society is that the mother works in the home and supports her man in every way. For each relationship, the people in that relationship must decide the particular roles that they will play. In the literary work Girl, Kincaid shows clearly that the woman's role in this work was to serve the family and to work mainly in the house. The mother writing this story tells her daughter that this is how you iron your father's khaki shirt so that it doesn't have a crease (Kincaid 489). In this marriage, it is understood that the wife is to do the laundry for the husband. Today's society does not always provide these clear roles since many women work a full time job and the house chores are a responsibility for both to handle. Though the woman is still mainly held responsible for the home. There should be a constant search for equality in gender roles. Kincaid explains how the man is working to bring home the money and the wife supports his work. By her ironing his khaki shirt, he is better prepared for work to support his family. Though men and women are supposedly equal, the roles they must play in a particular relationship may be unequal. Even though this work does not show a conflict, the girl to whom the mother is speaking may have a conflict with her husband by the time she is married. This mother also may have an internal conflict that is not revealed in the work. Meaning that she may hold in problems that she has with the relationship because women were not supposed to reveal their feelings. Women are usually the ones who are more open in a relationship, but at this time in history women were to keep quiet in relationships (Gender 238). The conflict that will be revealed in the future is the desire to have the status that is already gained by men. One can understand that men already have a status since the world of business is geared for typical male roles. That is apparent by how many of the mainstream blue-collar jobs and management positions are held by men. The girl to whom this mother is speaking must make sure that she seeks to make a name for herself and to help other women gain status. This is stated in Humanity: Gender: If so, then modern feminists will need to work to alter this key factor, and in the long term our societies will develop greater equality between the sexes (Gender 238). Since the purpose of examining gender roles is to create equality, then the conflict is that both sexes are trying to make their particular roles closer to equal than they were before. In this piece of literature, the mother speaks directly to her daughter telling her what she is to do in order
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Architectural Design Considerations of a Light Warehouse Essay Warehousing Ã¢â¬â warehousing is the receiving, storage, and delivery of goods. Receiving Ã¢â¬â receiving is the acceptance of goods with a degree of accountability therefor. Storage Ã¢â¬â storage is the safekeeping of goods in a warehouse or other depository. Delivery Ã¢â¬â delivery is the transfer of goods to the transportation carrier or customer. Distribution Ã¢â¬â distribution is a function of warehousing which includes the preparation and delivery of goods according to plan or special order. Supply chain efficiencies depend upon the efficiency of logistics including transportation and warehousing operations. Warehouse efficiencies depend upon a combination of warehouse design, layout, infrastructure, systems, process and people. Warehouse Design element aims to maximize the utility of space, equipment and efficiency of operations. We will briefly cover the various elements of a warehouse design and understand their importance. In basic functional aspects, a warehouse function consists of Ã¢â¬â Material receipts including unloading, unpacking and inspection, put away and Storage of materials in various categories of storage locations, systems updating, pull materials for dispatch and delivery of materials after processing. Warehouse Location, Layout and Building The location of a warehouse should ideally be situated in a flat ground. The location should be easily approachable and in a area suited for this nature of business. Locations closer to markets or to national highways would be ideal. Public transportation and communication infrastructure should also be available. The layout of the building should be designed to accommodate fleet parking, and enable containers to drive in and drive out easily. Any time two containers should be able to pass through on the path without any interruption. There should be enough free space for vehicles to maneuver. The layout should also provide for other utility, safety and security operations. Building is normally constructed using galvanized metallic sheets mounted on C Section girdles. The flooring should be RCC concrete with weight bearing capacity as per requirement of the load to be calculated in each case. The ground should be flat, even and smooth surface to facilitate MHE movements and dust free. The roof height would be a major consideration to be able to install multi vertical storage racking installation. The walls and roof should be designed with suitable lighting panels and ventilators for air exchange fitted with bird cages. The number of loading and unloading docs and placement of these docs play an important role in the design of operations and efficiency of operation. All weather docks and the facility should enable 24 hours operations. Dock Levels. The docks should be equipped with dock levelers and all these have to be installed during construction phase itself. Ramps have to be provided to facilitate movement of forklift etc. Lighting design will depend upon the layout and the racking design. Internal Layout Internal layout design will be built taking into account the operational process, nature of goods, volumes of transactions both inbound and outbound, storage types, in house operations involving put away and pull sequences and process requirements including packing, kitting etc and the availability of floor space coupled with building layout design of inbound and outbound docks. The design aims to maximize space utilization, minimize MHE movement and Manpower movement. Types of Storage Types of storage are determined by the nature of cargo. Depending upon the cargo whether finished goods, raw material parts etc, the types of storage can vary from bulk stock, block stock, racking, pallet racking, shelf racking, binning, unit pick or loose pick face, carton pick etc. The storage types vary with nature of materials with different types of storage designs for drums, pallets, tires, cartons, tube and rods etc. Racking Designs & Material Handling Equipment Racking Design takes into account the storage type, storage unit, volume and weight coupled with the available floor space and roof height to design system which maximizes the storage capacity. Put away and picking process and transactional volumes are also taken into consideration. The inventory profile study would include detailing of number of SKUs in each category of fast moving, slow moving or other criteria as per the nature of business and the storage type would be designed as per the inventory profile and the process. Racking designs are very many and varies with the type of industries and nature of inventory. Normal racking designs include pallet racking on multiple levels. You can have shelving, binning or combination of bulk stock and forward pick face racking designs. Block stack racking and other types of high density racking can be found in FG warehouses. Mezzanine store binning and shelving rack designs are normally designed for spare parts and small parts. Highly automated racking designs can have automatic retrieval systems and conveyors in the warehouse. Material Handling Equipments are specified based on rack design coupled with pallet design, nature of cargo, weight and the warehouse layout etc. Forklifts, reach trucks, hand pallet jacks, trolleys are normal Material handling equipments in normal warehousing operations. Warehouse Layout Design Ã¢â¬â Sizing the Space Requirements Warehouse layout & sizing is a critical aspect of planning a new facility or re-designing an existing building. Many times organisations start from a fixed view of what size the facility will be, and most times the square footage is based on affordability. The problem with this, is that the building may end up be to big, and therefore more expensive or to small and put operational constraints into the facility before the design even gets off the ground. Warehouse Layout and Sizing: The correct way to size the facility is from the inside, that way the actual size required will fit the operational requirements, and will ensure that all available space is used and you are not paying for unused space. Estimating Space Requirements: Short and long term, based upon forecasts, historical usage patterns, and projected changes. Developing new layouts to maximize usage of space. Short- and long-range sizing of individual areas: racks, shelving, automated systems, docks, staging, offices, and support. The final sizing needs to come from the operational requirements of the building, this can only come from modelling the design. Key Factors to Consider during Warehouse Sizing Order Picking: Methods for Piece Pick, Case Pick, and Pallet Pick Operations. Deciding on the amount of space you will need is not just about how much product you wish to store. The type of picking you intend carrying out is a fundamental part of the decision process. The methods for order picking vary greatly and the level of difficulty in choosing the best method for your operation will depend on the type of operation you have. The characteristics of the product being handled, total number of transactions, total number of orders, picks per order, quantity per pick, picks per SKU, total number of SKUs, value-added processing such as private labelling, and whether you are handling piece pick, case pick, or full-pallet loads are all factors that will affect the decision on how much space will be required. Therefore when you have:- Full pallet picking you will need more racking space than open floor space. Lots of case picking you will need more ground floor pick faces, than you will need for full pallet picking and you may also need a case to pallet consolidation floor area. Lots of small quantity piece picking you will need packing & pallet consolidation areas on the floor. Holding requirements include defining the physical size of the inventory on hand. Unless the on-hand total is fairly stable across the year, it is usually preferable to plan for a high but not peak inventory level. To fully utilize the space, it is important to determine how product needs to be stored (e. g. , floor stacked, pallet rack, shelving, case flow) and how much of each fixture type will be required. Cube data (length ? width ? height) for each product is a very useful kind of information for many aspects of capacity planning. Workflow requirements encompass everything from how product arrives to how it leaves the facility and everything in between. The objectives of this aspect of planning are to minimize product handling, to reduce travel as much as possible, and to minimize the resource requirements (labor, packaging, transportation) to move the product to the customer. Among the factors to consider are the following: (1) Link the way product arrives with where it is to be stored (location capacity). If possible, store all of a product in one location and pick from that location as well. This does not work if stock rotation matters (expiration dates, serial number, or lot control issues). 2) Locate the highest-volume products (greatest number of orders, not physical size) closest to the outbound shipping area to minimize the travel required to pick and ship orders for them. (3) Because vertical travel is always slower, locate as many products as possible on or close to the floor. (4) Allow for staging space to handle product that is in transit, such as items waiting to be put away. Warehousing was supposed to disappear with L ean Manufacturing. This has rarely occurred but the nature of warehousing often does change from storage-dominance to transaction dominance. Warehousing buffers inbound shipments from suppliers and outbound orders to customers. Customers usually order in patterns that are not compatible with the capabilities of the warehouse suppliers. The amount of storage depends on the disparity between incoming and outbound shipment patterns. In addition, the trend to overseas sourcing has increased the need for warehousing and its importance in the supply chain. | Design StrategiesOne key to effective design is the relative dominance of picking or storage activity. These two warehouse functions have opposing requirements. Techniques that maximize space utilization tend to complicate picking and render it inefficient while large storage areas increase distance and also reduce picking efficiency. Ideal picking requires small stocks in dedicated, close locations. This works against storage efficiency. Automation of picking, storage, handling and information can compensate for these opposing requirements to a degree. However, automation is expensive to install and operate. The figure below shows how different transaction volumes, storage requirements and technologies lead to different design concepts. Architectural Design Considerations of a Light Warehouse. (2016, Dec 01).